Vitamin E

Vitamin E is essential for his action as an antioxidant to provide protection for cells against free radical damage which may lead to disorders such as heart disease and cancer. It is particularly important in protecting fats, cell membranes, DNA and enzymes against damage.

Absorption and metabolism

Fats and bile are necessary for absorption.

Vitamin EDeficiency

This is rare. Symptoms in infants include irritability, fluid retention and anemia; and in adults, lethargy, loss of balance and anemia. Marginal deficiencies may increase the risk of heart disease, cancer and premature aging.


Good sources include wheatgerm, nuts and seeds, whole grain cereals, eggs and leafy greens.

Daily recommended dietary intakes

Men                        10 mg alpha TE (15 IU)

Women                  8 mg alpha TE (12 IU)

Pregnancy              10 mg alpha TE (15 IU)

Lactation                12 mg alpha TE (18 IU)

Toxic effects of excess intake

These are rare and include diarrhea, fatigue, bleeding and head- ache.


Vitamin E absorption is reduced by mineral oil, alcohol and the drug, cholestyramine.

Therapeutic use of supplements

Supplements have been used to treat and prevent many disorders Including heart disease, cancer, cataracts, diabetes, asthma, Alzheimer's disease and infertility. Natural forms of vitamin E may be more beneficial than synthetic forms.


Supplements should not be taken with anticoagulant drugs and should be used cautiously by anyone with an overactive thyroid, hypertension or rheumatic heart disease.

Search over 10,000 Natural Remedies and Alternative Medicine Articles

Vitamin E Categories:

Vitamin E
Vitamin E health
Vitamin E absorption
Vitamin E deficiency
Vitamin E sources
Vitamin E recommended daily
Vitamin E overdose
Vitamin E supplements
Vitamin E for skin
Vitamin E 200
Vitamin E interactions



Other Vitamins:

Vitamin A
Beta carotene
Vitamin B6
Vitamin B12
Pantothenic acid
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K