What is Burn?

When you injure some or all of the layers of the skin by heat, caustic chemicals, or friction, you suffer a "burn." The same general kind of damage can result from a wide variety of activities: spending too long a time in the sun (thermal or heat bum), handling jalapeno peppers with ungloved hands (chemical burn), skidding across pavement in a fall (friction burn). But whether you burn yourself by one of these means or a spill of boiling water or a splatter of hot grease, even minor injury to the skin causes redness and pain. We call this a superficial burn or by its older name, a firstdegree burn.
Burn Burns of slightly greater magnitude—that is, burning to deeper layers of the skin—cleave the layers of the skin, causing the formation of fluid-filled "water blisters." Blistering burns, once called second degree, we now refer to as partial thickness burns. If you should sustain either of these types of burns, your first order of business is to apply cold water. Never use any kind of oil, butter, or any oily first-aid spray, because these remedies only hold in the heat and worsen the injury.

If you should suffer a burn mat does greater damage than to make small blisters, apply cold water quickly and seek immediate treatment by a physician. Injury to all the layers of the skin is called a full thickness burn, which may require treatment in the hospital (if a large area is burned) and may heal properly only with a surgical skin graft.

Although quite obviously nutrition has little to offer in the way of preventing a burn, many nutrients help to speed healing and improve scarring after the fact. Let's take a look at these.

What makes Burn worse?

• we know of no nutrient that specifically makes a burn worse.

Avoid reinjuring your burn. This means you should keep burned skin out of strong sun, hot water, and high-temperature environments, as well as away from potent chemicals and cleansers.

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